Coffee and Health

National Coffee Association

The information we provide here was published by “COFFEE SCIENCE SOURCE” (CSS), created by the “NATIONAL COFFEE ASSOCIATION” to collect and spread information generated about coffee and caffeine. The information published is reviewed by experts.

Is it safe for pregnant women to drink coffee?
– Most clinicians and researchers agree that it is perfectly safe for pregnant women to drink caffeine. A daily intake of up to 300/400 mg a day (approx. 2 or 3 cups of coffee) have shown to have no negative consequences, some experts prefer to limit the intake to 2 cups (200 mg / day of caffeine).
Is caffeine safe for women who are planning to become pregnant?
– Most experts agree that caffeine is not a risk factor in delaying or decreasing fertility i.e. those women do not have to eliminate caffeine from their diet.

Does drinking coffee increase the risk of birth defects in unborn babies?
– Recent studies suggest that caffeine consumption during pregnancy has no negative effects on labor, including birth defects.
Does coffee consumption by pregnant women contribute to the loss of weight in unborn babies?
– Studies have shown that caffeine consumption, even at its high levels, is not related to fetal growth and birth weight.
Does drinking coffee have influence on delayed conception or infertility?
– Recent studies conducted by Alderete found no relationship between caffeine consumption and delayed conception. It was agreed that risk factors are: exercise, stress and nutrition.
What is Sudden Infant Death Syndrome? Is it related to the consumption of coffee?
– Sudden Infant Death Syndrome occurs when the sudden death of an infant or child is unexpected given its medical history and when it is impossible to determine the exact cause of death through postmortem studies. A recent large scale study conducted in Scandinavia, shows that drinking coffee or other beverages containing caffeine by mothers before, during or after birth does not increase the risk of sudden death. The risk factors mentioned include infections, exposure to smoke, sleeping face down on thier stomachs.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death in America and in most of the countries.
Researchers have differed in their conclusions in relation to coffee and diseases (CVD), although new evidence from 1999 clearly indicates that coffee consumption does not contribute to cardiovascular disease, and that neither normal coffee nor decaffeinated are associated with the risk of seizures, even if you have more than 4 cups a day.
A study conducted in 1990, with more than 45,000 men, found no link between coffee, caffeine and cardiovascular disease in people who have 4 or more cups of coffee a day.
Is coffee consumption linked with raised cholesterol?
– According to studies of coffee made with coffee percolators, there is no relationship between coffee consumption and blood cholesterol.
Is coffee consumption associated with hypertension?
– Despite the controversy that this issue has always aroused, most of the researchers conclude that regular consumption of coffee or caffeine has little or no effect on blood pressure. The 6th report of the National Institute of Health’s Join National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure, conducted in 1997, finds no link between caffeine intake and high blood pressure.

How does coffee consumption affect the Arrhythmia?
– In 1991 an article that compiles the majority of research about coffee and arrhythmia, written by the Dr.Meyers, concluded that the intake of 500 mg of caffeine or 6 cups of coffee does not increase the frequency or severity of cardiac arrhythmias or ventricular tachycardia (increased heart rate) in healthy persons or those with cardiovascular disease.
Is there a relationship between coffee consumption and gallstones?
– A new 10-year study conducted on 45,000 men found that drinking 2-3 cups of coffee a day reduces the risk of gallstones by 40%. The risk of developing stones is reduced to 45% in those who drink four or more cups a day.

Is there any association between coffee consumption and cirrhosis?

– In the past decade researchers in the United States, Japan and Italy have indicated that coffee consumption has a strong protective effect against liver cirrhosis.
Is coffee consumption effective in reducing the risk of cancer in the digestive tract?
– Yes, coffee has shown to have a protective effect against colon cancer. A recent meta-analysis of 17 studies on coffee consumption and colorectal cancer conducted between 1960 and 1990, found that colorectal risk is 24% lower in those having four or more cups of coffee per day than in those who have it occasionally or never.
Is there any association between coffee and indigestion (acid reflux)?
– While some people think that coffee can induce acid reflux, recent studies have found that coffee consumption has no effect on acid reflux in healthy people. Even in people with acid reflux problem, coffee consumption has been found to have little effect.

What is the scientific consensus on the safety of coffee?
– Recent scientific research conducted at the Mayo Clinic, Harvard School of Public Health, US Veterans Administration and other medical centers show that coffee is not only safe but beneficial, and drinking 2 to 4 cups of coffee a day can reduce the risk of colon cancer by 25%, risk of gallstones by 45%, risk of cirrhosis is reduced by 80%, and Parkinson by between 50% and 80%, among other diseases. You can even reduce the incidence of asthma by 25% thanks to the presence of Theophillina.
Research has also shown that there are four times more antioxidants in coffee than in green tea, coffee is also an excellent antidepressant and effective in improving memory and energy levels in both mental and physical activities.
More information about COFFEE AND HEALTH can be found on the website of the SPANISH FEDERATION OF COFFEE: